Engineer’s Day is observed every year in India on 15 September. This day is the birthday of the great engineer of India and ‘Bharataratna’ Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya. Even today, M. Visvesvaraya is remembered with great respect as Vishwakarma of modern India. Dr Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, who dedicated his life in the service of the country as the greatest engineer, scientist and builder of his time, is counted among the greatest talents of the world, not only in India.
Engineer’s Day Resolution
M. Visvesvaraya, who lived a hundred years of glorious life, will always keep his light on the Indian sky. The birth date of Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was declared as ‘Engineer’s Day’ by the Government of India in 1968 AD. Since then, every year on this auspicious occasion, all Indian engineers gather and pay homage to their inspirational works and ideals, and self-released their activities and pledge to celebrate it as Sankalp Divas.
After India’s independence, talented engineers have also contributed significantly to the creation and development of a new India. For the overall development of villages and cities, many works of infrastructure including roads, culverts and irrigation reservoirs are being done. Our engineers have given speed to all these works with their skill. Along with this contribution of engineers in the development of the state and the country, on this occasion of ‘Engineer’s Day’, the inspirational life story of ‘Bharataratna’ Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya is also remembered.
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya – A Brief Introduction
Sir M. Visvesvaraya was born on 15 September 1861 at a place called ‘Mudkahanahalli’ in Mysore, now in Karnataka. Born in a very poor family, Visvesvaraya’s childhood was spent in a very financial crisis. His father was Vaidya. Years ago, his ancestors settled in Mysore from a place called ‘Mokshagundam’ in Andhra Pradesh. In Mokshagundam, Visvesvaraya completed his early education from his place of birth. For further studies, he joined the ‘Central College’ in Bangalore. But here, they lacked money. So he had to do tuition. Visvesvaraya received his B.A. degree in 1881. After this, with the help of the Government of Mysore, he joined the ‘Science College’ of Poona to study engineering. He qualified L.C.E. of 1883 And F.C.E. (Present-day BE degree) and showed his qualification by getting first position in the examination. Due to this achievement, the Government of Maharashtra appointed him to the post of Assistant Engineer in Nashik.
Bhagirath of Karnataka
Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya has had an unprecedented contribution in making Mysore, Karnataka of South India a developed and prosperous region. About 55 years ago, when the country was not independent, Krishnarajasagar Dam, ‘Bhadravati Iron and Steel Works’, ‘Mysore Sandal Oil and Soap Factory’, ‘University of Mysore’, ‘Bank of Mysore’ and many other great achievements were possible with the hard efforts of M. Visvesvaraya. That is why he is also known as Bhagirath of Karnataka. When he was only 32 years old, he devised a plan to send water supplies from the Indus River to Sukkur town, which all engineers liked. The government formed a committee to find ways to improve the irrigation system. For this, Visvesvaraya invented a new block system. They made steel gates, which helped prevent water flow from the dam. His system was praised by the British authorities. Today this system is being used all over the world. Visvesvaraya also prepared plans to tie the waters of two rivers named ‘Moses’ and ‘Issa’. He was then appointed as the Chief Engineer of Mysore.
Engineer’s Day: Interesting facts
There are also some important facts related to the life of sir M. Visvesvaraya, which today has the unprecedented ability to inspire any mission. Some of these are as follows-
- Once some Indians were sent to America to see the functioning of some factories. A factory officer pointed to a particular machine and said- “If you want to know about this machine, you have to climb it up a 75-foot ladder”. The oldest person representing Indians said- “Okay, we climb now”. Saying this, the person moved forward quickly to climb the ladder. Most people backed away fearing the height of the ladder and some joined the person. Shortly after inspecting the machine, the man came down. Only three other people carried out that work. This person was none other than Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya. He was also known by the name of Sir M.V.
- When the British were ruling in India, an over-crowded train was going. Most of the passengers were British. An Indian traveller was sitting in a serious pose in a coach. The traveller of dark complexion and medium stature was in simple costumes, so the British sitting there considered him foolish and illiterate and made fun of him. But that person was not paying attention to anyone. Suddenly the person got up and pulled the chain of the car. The speeding train stopped immediately. All the passengers started calling him good and bad. In a while, the guard also came and asked- “Who has pulled the chain?” The man replied – “I have drawn”. On asking the reason, he told- “I estimate that the railway track is uprooted at a distance of about one furlong from here.” The guard asked- “How did you know?” He said- “Sir! I realized that there has been a difference in the natural speed of the car. I feel a sense of danger with the speed of the sound echoing from the tracks.”
When the guard took some distance with the person, he was stunned to see that the rail tracks were actually open from one place and all the nuts and bolts were scattered apart. Other travellers also arrived there. When people came to know that their life was saved due to the intelligence of that person, they started praising him. The guard asked- “Who are you?” The man said- “I am an engineer and my name is Dr. M. Visvesvaraya.” Everyone was shocked after hearing the name. Actually by that time Dr. Visvesvaraya’s fame had spread in the country. People began to ask for his forgiveness. Dr. Visvesvaraya’s answer was- “I don’t remember anything you said to me.”