Many aspirants who want to join the most reputed engineering institutes of the country are generally confused about the entire strategy for the entrance as well as the admission process. So here’s an ultimate guide for all the aspirants to know briefly about IIT-JEE. Joint Entrance Examination also known as JEE is an engineering entrance examination which is conducted by the IIT’s for candidates to get selected for most reputed engineering college in India to pursue different courses like B.Tech, B.Pharma, B.Arch, M.Sc. and M.Tech courses.
History of JEE Exam
The pattern for this entrance has changed considerably from the past few years. Earlier, the cut-off was disclosed and candidates were given paper copies of their answers. Since 2013-2014, JEE has gone under multiple variations and online admission process has been acquired. Even the application selection is now done through an online procedure, which was not existing in the past years. This has brought transparency to the entire process.
In 2012, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) notified various modifications for the entire system. The JEE-Main replaced AIEEE for admission to the National Institutes of Technology (NIT’s), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIIT’s), and also to some other institutes that are authorized as CFTI’s, known as the Centrally Funded Technical Institutes. Another change brought up was the replacement of IIT-JEE by JEE-Advanced. This was primarily for admission to the Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT’s).
In 2013, the IIT council certified two phases for Joint Admission Board relevant for the IIT’s that were Mains and Advanced. In this strategy, Mains is followed by Advanced. The Joint Admission Process was accomplished by Joint Seat Allocation Authority (JoSAA).
Let’s have a brief view of both levels of the JEE Exam.
What is JEE Main?
JEE Main also known as Joint Entrance Exam – Main is a national level entrance exam supervised by NTA. This Exam is conducted for candidates to offer them admission to BE/B. Tech, B.Plan and B.Arch courses at the IIITs (Indian Institute of Information Technology), NITs (National Institute of Technology) and other Centrally Funded Technical Institutions (CFTIs) across the country.
Eligibility Criteria for JEE- Main
The candidates must fulfil the following conditions to be able to get eligible for Main exam.
• Age: There is no age limit for the candidates to appear for the exam.
• Qualifying Examination Appearance Year:
-Candidates who appeared for the 12th standard examination or any other equivalent qualifying examination in previous years can also appear for the Main.
-Candidates who are going to appear for the 12th standard examination or any other equivalent qualifying examination for the present year can also appear in the exam.
• Subjects: Candidates must qualify 5 subjects in total to be eligible for the exam.
• Marks: The following conditions for marks are necessary
-The candidates require 75% as minimum qualifying marks to appear in JEE Mains.
-Candidates should be in the top 20 percentile in the Class 12 exam conducted by the respective Boards in which they appeared.
-Minimum of 65% marks are required for reserved candidates.
• Total Attempts: The candidate can appear for the exam for three successive years that sums up to six attempts in total ( two attempts annually).
Reservation Criteria for JEE Main
|Category||Reservation (in terms of percentage)|
|Scheduled Caste (SC)||15|
|Scheduled Tribe (ST)||7.5|
|Other Backward Class (OBC) -NCL||27|
|Persons with Disability (PwD)||3|
Syllabus for JEE Main
Before starting the preparation, the candidate must be aware of the entire syllabus for every subject that is vital for the JEE Main:
|Mathematics||Unit 1: Sets, relations, and functions|
Unit 2: Complex numbers and quadratic equations
Unit 3: Matrices and determinants
Unit 4: Permutations and combinations
Unit 5: Mathematical induction
Unit 6: Binomial theorem and its simple applications
Unit 7: Sequences and series
Unit 8: Limit, continuity, and differentiability
Unit 9: Integral calculus
Unit 10: Differential equations
Unit 11: Co-ordinate geometry
Unit 12: Three-dimensional geometry
Unit 13: Vector algebra
Unit 14: Statistics and probability
Unit 15: Trigonometry
Unit 16: Mathematical reasoning
|Physics||Unit 1: Physics And Measurement|
Unit 2: Kinematics
Unit 3: Laws Of Motion
Unit 4: Work, Energy, and Power
Unit 5: Rotational Motion
Unit 6: Gravitation
Unit 7: Properties Of Solids And Liquids
Unit 8: Thermodynamics
Unit 9: Kinetic Theory Of Gases
Unit 10: Oscillations And Waves
Unit 11: Electrostatics
Unit 12: Current Electricity
Unit 13: Magnetic Effects Of Current And Magnetism
Unit 14: Electromagnetic Induction And Alternating Currents
Unit 15: Electromagnetic Waves
Unit 16: Optics
Unit 17: Dual Nature Of Matter And radiation
Unit 18: Atoms And Nuclei
Unit 19: Electronic Devices
Unit 20: Communication Systems
|Chemistry||Unit 1: Some Basic Concepts In Chemistry|
Unit 2: States Of Matter
Unit 3: Atomic Structure
Unit 4: Chemical Bonding And Molecular Structure
Unit 5: Chemical Thermodynamics
Unit 6: Solutions
Unit 7: Equilibrium
Unit 8: Redox Reactions And Electrochemistry
Unit 9: Chemical Kinetics
Unit 10: Surface Chemistry
|Inorganic Chemistry||Unit 11: Classification Of Elements And Periodicity In Properties|
Unit 12: General Principles And Processes Of Isolation Of Metals
Unit 13: Hydrogen
Unit 14: S – Block Elements (Alkali And Alkaline Earth Metals)
Unit 15: P – Block Elements
Unit 16: D – And F – Block Elements
Unit 17: Co-Ordination Compounds
Unit 18: Environmental Chemistry
|Organic Chemistry||Unit 19: Purification And Characterization Of Organic Compounds|
Unit 20: Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry
Unit 21: Hydrocarbons
Unit 22: Organic Compounds Containing Halogens
Unit 23: Organic Compound, Containing Oxygen Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers, Carboxylic Acids
Unit 24: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
Unit 25: Polymers
Unit 26: Biomolecules
Unit 27: Chemistry In Everyday Life
Unit 28: Principles Related To Practical Chemistry
JEE Main Cut off
There are two cut-offs for the Mains exam which are released by JoSAA i.e. JEE Main cut-off and Qualifying cut off. Both these cut-offs are different from each other. Admission cut off is vital for admission in the participating institutes. This cut off is released by JoSAA. While the qualifying cut off is the minimum score that a candidate needs to score in order to be eligible to appear for the Advanced. Previous years’ cut off, difficulty degree of the exam, the total number of available seats, the number of appearing candidates are some factors that derive the cut off for the exam.
Important Books for JEE Main
Before a candidate starts to prepare for the entrance, he/she must have the right books in hands which are as much important as the strategy to achieve the desired score. Below are some books that a candidate can refer:
|Name of books||Publisher|
|Numerical Chemistry||P. Bahadur|
|Inorganic Chemistry||J.D. Lee|
|Organic Chemistry||Organic Chemistry by Morrison & Boyd|
|Name of Books||Publisher|
|Concepts of Physics Vol I and II||H.C Verma|
|Problems in General Physics||I.E.Irodov|
|Name of Books||Publisher|
|Maths XI & XII||NCERT|
|Trigonometry||S. L. Loney|
|Coordinate Geometry||S. L. Loney|
|Higher Algebra||Hall & Knight|
Participating Institutes in JEE Main
In JEE Main, many institutes participate which select students through a Joint Seat Allocation process (JoSAA). These participating institutes are:
- National Institutes of Technology (NITs)
- Indian Institute of Information Technology (IITs)
- Centrally Funded Technical Institutes (CFTIs)
Admission Process for JEE main
The procedure of admission is carried in the following steps:
- Step 1 – The candidate needs to fill the application form for the Main
- Step 2 – The admit card for JEE Main is downloaded
- Step 3 – Candidate appears in the exam
- Step 4 – This step is to check for the JEE Main result online
- Step 5 – Candidate should participate in the counseling conducted by JoSAA.
Documents required for JEE Main
Here is the list of few documents that candidates must carry with them while appearing for the Main.
I. Admit Card: Admit card is the most important document which is to be carried by the candidate for JEE Main exam. Without this, the candidate is not allowed to appear in the examination.
II. Photograph: Candidates should always carry one passport size photograph with them as the photograph is to be pasted on the answer sheet on the required space during examination.
III. Photo ID: Authorized Photo Ids are also required to be carried along for the examination. These Ids should be original and should not be expired.
IV. Certificate: PwD certificate should be carried along that claim relaxation for the PwD category.
JEE Advanced also known as Joint Entrance Exam Advanced is conducted every year by the IITs (Indian Institute of Information Technology) and IISc ( Indian Institute of Science) under Joint Admission Board. 4-year Bachelors – BTech, BS,5-year Barch,5-year Dual Degree – BTech, MTech, BS, MS, 5-year Integrated Masters – MTech, MSc, D, al Degree are some courses which could be pursued by candidates after qualifying the Advanced.
JEE Advanced Eligibility Criteria 2020
Candidate must satisfy the following criteria to be eligible for appearing in Advanced.
I. Performance in JEE Main 2020: Candidates who fall under the list of 2,50,000 ranks are only eligible to appear for the Advanced exam. Whereas the percentage of candidates eligible for admissions under different categories are as follows:
- General category candidates – 46.5%
- General EWS – 4%
- OBC-NCL candidates – 27%
- SC candidates – 15%
- ST candidates – 7.5%
- PWD candidates – Horizontal reservation of 5% in all the above categories
II. Age Limit: Candidates falling under general or OBC category, who are born on or after 1 October 1995 are eligible to appear in the examination. However, there is relaxation of age limit for ST, SC and PwD candidates. Those from the following categories born on or after 1 October 1990 can appear in the exam.
III. Number of Attempts: The candidates can appear in the Advanced exam two times for two successive years.
IV. Earlier Admissions in IIT or ISM :
- Candidates who are pursuing any preparatory course in IITs can also appear in the exam.
- Those candidates whose admission was abolished in IIT after joining cannot appear for the exam.
- The candidates who paid seat acceptance fees and had their seat cancelled or they did not report at the reporting centre, before the last round of seat allotment can also appear in the exam.
Syllabus for JEE Advanced
Here are some topics that are considered in the exam according to the JEE Advanced standpoint:
|Mathematics||Unit 1: Fundamentals of Mathematics|
Unit 2:Vector and 3D
Unit 3: Trigonometry
Unit 4: Sequence and Series
Unit 5: Matrices
Unit 6: Permutation and Combination
Unit 7: Quadratic Equation
Unit 8: Probability
Unit 9: Differential and Integral Calculus
Unit 10: Coordinate Geometry
Unit 11: Complex Numbers
Unit 12: Binomial Theorem
|Physics||Unit 1: General|
Unit 2: Mechanics
Unit 3: Thermal Physics
Unit 4: Electricity and Magnetism
Unit 5: Optics
Unit 6: Modern Physics
|Physical Chemistry||Unit 1: General Topics|
Unit 2: Gaseous and Liquid State
Unit 3: Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonding
Unit 4: Energetics
Unit 5: Chemical Equilibrium
Unit 6: Electrochemistry
Unit 7: Chemical Kinetics
Unit 8: Solid State
Unit 9: Solutions
Unit 10: Surface Chemistry
Unit 11: Nuclear Chemistry
|Inorganic Chemistry||Unit 1: Isolation/preparation and properties of the non-metal|
Unit 2: Preparation and properties of the compounds
Unit 3: Transition Elements 3D Series
Unit 4: Preparation and properties of the compounds
Unit 5: Ores and Minerals
Unit 6: Extractive metallurgy
Unit 7: Principles of qualitative analysis
|Organic Chemistry||Unit 8: Basic Concepts|
Unit 9: Preparation, properties and reactions of alkanes
Unit 10: Preparation, properties and reactions of alkenes and alkynes
Unit 11: Reaction of Benzene
Unit 13: Carbohydrates
Unit 14: Amino Acids and Peptides
Unit 15: Practical Organic Chemistry
Unit 16: Properties and uses of some important polymers
Cut-off for JEE Advanced
|Category||Cut – off (NTA Score)|
Important Books for JEE Advanced
Below is the list of essential books which a candidate can go through:
- Maths XI & XII by R.D. Sharma
- Objective Mathematics for JEE Main & Advanced and Other Engineering Entrance Examinations by R.D. Sharma
- Trigonometry & Geometry: – Plane Trigonometry Part 1 by S.L. Loney
- Co-ordinate Geometry: – Plane Co-ordinate Geometry by S.L. Loney
- Algebra: – Higher Algebra by Hall and Knight
- Calculus: – Problems in Calculus of One Variable by I.A. Maron
- Differential Calculus by A. Das Gupta.
- Course in Mathematics for IIT-JEE by Tata McGraw-Hill publications. [practice]
- NCERT Textbooks
- Concepts of Physics Vol I and II by H.C. Verma (Highly Recommended)
- Fundamentals of Physics by Halliday, Resnick & Walker
- Problems in General Physics by I.E. Irodov
- IIT Physics by D.C. Pandey
- Problems in Physics by S.S. Krotov
- NCERT Textbooks
- Organic Chemistry – O. P. Tandon
- Organic Chemistry – Peter Sykes
- Organic Chemistry – M. S. Chauhan
- Organic Chemistry – Morrison and Boyd
- Physical Chemistry – O. P. Tandon
- Concise Inorganic Chemistry – J. D. Lee
- Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations – R. C. Mukherjee.
Admission Process for JEE Advanced
The admission process is carried out through the following steps below:
I. Step1– First step requires the registration which is done by filling up the application form online by the candidate.
II. Step 2– After the application form, the candidate needs to download the respective admit card for the examination.
III. Step 3– The candidate should attend the examination and must be aware of the time, date and venue for the exam
IV. Step 4– After appearing in the exam, the candidate can check the results online when declared.
Documents for JEE Advanced registration
- Birth certificate (as a proof of the candidate’s age)
- Class 12 marks sheet or the certificate for 75% cut-off
- An Identity proof
- Any Citizenship certificate or maybe passport
This brings an end to the illustration for the Joint Entrance Examination. Hope this would guide the aspirants for the entire procedure.