National Flag of India: The Indian flag is the pride of every Indian. It is not just a simple cloth that we salute on a national occasion like Republic Day or Independence Day. The national flag of India is made under strict guidelines, which have been specifically prescribed. It was designed by Mr Pingali Venkayya. He was a farmer and Indian freedom fighter. It was adopted at a meeting of the Constituent Assembly held on 22 July 1947, a few days before India’s independence from the British. This flag is remembered between 15 August 1947 and 26 January 1950 and similarly thereafter as the national flag of the Republic of India. The word “tricolour” specifically refers to the Indian national flag.
National Flag of India: Design
The national flag of India is a tricolour flag with saffron colour at the top, white in the middle and dark green in the same proportion at the bottom. The ratio of the width of the flag to its length is 2: 3. In the centre of the white band is a navy-blue circle. Its design is similar to the cycle of the abacus of Ashoka’s Sarnath Lion Capital. The diameter of the Ashoka Chakra is equal to the width of the white band and consists of 24 spokes.
National Flag of India: Symbol
The colours and symbols of the Indian national flag carry deep philosophical meaning. Each colour represents a distinct aspect of Indian culture, which touches the hearts of citizens. Saffron stands for colour, sacrifice and sacrifice, white colour symbolizes peace and green colour symbolizes courage and immortality. The Ashoka Chakra is the symbol of the Dharma Chakra. It consists of 24 spokes which originate from the centre. It represents righteousness, justice and moving forward. The cycle signifies continuous growth, which signifies progress.
The three colours are based on the secular principles of India. The saffron colour represents Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism, the white colour is for Christianity and the green colour is for Islam. The national flag as a whole is a confluence of all religious principles.
National Flag of India: What to do
- A member of the public, a private organization or an educational institution, may hoist the national flag on all days and occasions.
- Section 2 of the new code gives all private citizens the right to hoist the flag in their premises.
National flag of India: what not to do
- The national flag cannot be used for communal benefit, decoration or clothing. It should be hoisted only from sunrise to sunset according to the season.
- The national flag is not allowed to intentionally touch the ground or floor or shed water. The flag should not be mounted on, above, or in the hood of vehicles, trains, boats or aircraft.
- No other flag can be placed higher than the national flag. No object, including a flower or a flower pot or any other symbol, should be placed on or above the flag.
- The national flag should not be used as decoration or clothing.