Every year on the 8th of June, the world brain tumour day is celebrated. This day was initiated by German Brain Tumour Association in 2000 in respect to give tribute to brain tumour patients and to their families. It is celebrated to spread awareness and educate people about a brain tumour, the day is now celebrated worldwide.
Let us now get into some detail that what does brain tumour means, what are its types, symptoms, and treatment of brain tumour.
Cells usually grow old and get damaged then new cells are formed, this is the process of functioning of cells but sometimes this process goes wrong and some unwanted cells start growing. The space near the brain is small and cells start multiplying and creating space for them causing brain tumour. A brain tumour occurs when there is a growth of abnormal cells in our brain.
A brain tumour may be a cancerous and non-cancerous. Cancerous brain tumour is known as Malignant, and a non-cancerous brain tumour is known as benign.
Types of Brain Tumour
The brain tumour is categorized as a primary brain tumour and secondary brain tumour.
Primary brain tumour
It may be both malignant and benign. Primary brain tumour raised directly in the brain. The types of brain tumours are pituitary gland tumour, pineal gland tumour, primary general cell tumour, ependymomas, etc.
Secondary brain tumour
It starts in one part of the body and then spread to the brain. They are found in breasts, kidney, lungs, skin, and slowly they move to the brain. This is the most common type of cancer found in adults.
Causes of Brain Tumour
Doctors are not sure about the exact reason of brain tumour, but it was found that it happens due to-
1)Exposure to Radiation- We are exposed to high radiation. It comes when we go through high radiation therapies, or x-ray, which is very harmful for us. They leads to brain cancer.
2)There are 5-10% chances that brain tumour is genetically inherited. It is very rare but doctors say that if there is any past history of the family then there are some chances.
3)Another reason found in American labs was that people who never had chickenpox had higher chances of having a brain tumour.
Symptoms of brain Tumour
- Headaches- This is the most common type of symptoms found. Headaches occur mainly in the morning or while we are sleeping.
- Seizures, mainly in adults
- Memory loss
- difficulty in reading and writing
- Loss of balance
- Hearing problem
- Blurred vision.
Treatment for brain tumour
For treating brain tumour, various therapies were given such as radiation therapy, chemotherapy. These are given with the combination of surgery.
Before surgery patients have to go through various process suggested by doctors such as-
- Physical exam, this exam is done to see how much body is affected by the tumour.
- CT Scan of head- This is done by doctors to get little more details about the damage of blood vessels.
- 3) MRI of the head- This is done to detect the tumour. It provides a much more detailed picture of the brain.
- 4)Angiography- This is done to see whether how the blood supply of tumours looks like. This information is usually helpful at the time of surgery.
- 5)Skull X-rays- This is done to check whether bones present in the skull are fine or not, as tumour breaks the bone of the skull.
- 6)Biopsy- This is done to found out that tumour cells are benign or malignant. It also helps in finding out whether cancer is originated in the brain or in another part of the body.
After all the above process the final step taken is – ‘Surgery’
Surgery is the most common type of treatment given in brain tumour. For performing surgery, specialist doctors are called so that surgery should be done with extreme care.