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Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya (Mahamana) was born on 25 December 1861 in Prayag (Allahabad). His father’s name was Pt. Brajnath and mother’s name was Moonadevi. He was the 5th son of his seven siblings. His father was a learned scholar of Sanskrit language. Sanatana Dharma was the most beloved in the world based on truth, compassion and justice. In a compassionate heart, restraint of mind and speech, self-sacrifice for religion and country, costumes and ethics, Malviya Ji was a symbol of Indian culture and a living memorial to sages. Mahamana, who has been serving the country for a lifetime, died on 12 November 1946 at the age of 85 in Banaras.
About Madan Mohan Malviya Ji
|Name||Madan Mohan Malviya|
|Birthdate||25th December 1861|
|Birthplace||Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh|
|Wife||Kundan Devi (from Mirzapur)|
|Occupation||Journalist, Lawyer, Politician, Academician, Freedom fighter|
|Death||12th November 1946|
Madan Mohan Malviya Death
The deportation of Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya took place on 12 November 1946 in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. Till then India was not independent, but the independence of the country was certain. Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of independent India, wrote at the time of Malviya Ji’s death:
“A great soul has left us, his name and work will inspire future generations and give the message that nothing is impossible for that great man No, his service to the nation he performed is beyond words, the vacuum created by his death cannot be filled, because he was a true patriot ”.
Monuments on Madan Mohan Malviya Ji’s name
- The statue of Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya is installed at the main gate of BHU. There is a small island in the River Ganges, which is named Malaviya Island.
- In 1961, a postal stamp was printed by the government in his name and on 22 January 2016 a train named “Mahamana Express” was started on his name.
- In December 2011, the then Prime Minister of the country, Manmohan Singh, announced the establishment of a Malviya Studies Center at the BHU on the 150th anniversary of Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya along with a scholarship and educational award in his name.
- Apart from this, in many cities like Delhi, Jaipur, Lucknow, Allahabad and many other places, many institutes, hostels, campuses were also named after Malviya Ji. Among them, Malviya University of Technology in Gorakhpur and Malviya National Institute of Technology in Jaipur are important educational institutions.
Graduated from Kolkata University
At the age of just 5, his parents admitted him to Pt. Hardev Dharma Gyanopadesh Pathshala to get elementary education in Sanskrit. After passing the primary examination there, he was sent to another school, from where he completed his education. He passed class 10 from Muir Central College (nowadays known as Allahabad University). He then received his BA from Kolkata University.
Elected as Congress President
Malviya Ji was a living symbol of Hindu civilization. He aroused the public by editing in Hindi-English newspapers. The personal and public life of Madan Mohan Malaviya, who lived a life based on truth, mercy and justice, was equally worshipped by the public. He served the Congress for 35 years by participating in the independence movement. He was elected Congress President in 1909, 1918, 1930 and 1932. He founded the Banaras Hindu University.
He ran a powerful Hindu organization movement but kept the Congress free from political reactionaryism and religious fanaticism. Malviya Ji did special work to protect Hindu society and the ancient civilization of India and various genres and arts. He was a very generous, simple and peace-loving person by nature. People started calling him Mahamana for his actions and behaviour.