Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, the great freedom fighter was born on December 25, 1861. He played an important role in the freedom movement, he was the President of the Indian National Congress three times. He is also known as Mahamana. He founded the Banaras Hindu University (BHU) in Varanasi in 1916. He was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna by the Government of India in 2015.
Madan Mohan Malviya
Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya was born on 25 December 1861 in Allahabad (now Prayagraj). He completed his matriculation from Muir Central College (now Allahabad University), followed by his BA from Calcutta University.
In December 1886, Madan Mohan Malaviya attended the second session of the Indian National Congress in Calcutta. Madan Mohan Malviya was the leader of the moderate party in the Congress. He actively participated in the non-cooperation movement. He became the President of the Indian National Congress in 1909, 1918 and 1932–33. Mahatma Gandhi gave him the title of “Mahamana”. After studying law, Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya fought many cases in favour of the revolutionaries and was successful in them.
Madan Mohan Malviya was very active in journalism. In 1887, he started his journalism career with a Hindi daily newspaper named “Hindostan”. In 1889 he became the editor of “Indian Opinion”. In 1907, he himself started the Hindi weekly magazine “Abhyudaya”. In 1910, he started a Hindi newspaper named “Maryada”. In 1924 he met Lala Lajpat Rai, M.R. Acquired Hindustan Times with the help of Jayakar and Ghanshyam Das Birla and saved it from closure. He was the editor of the Hindustan Times from 1924 to 1946. With his efforts, the Hindi edition of Hindustan Times “Hindustan” was started in 1936. Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya died on 12 November 1946 in Allahabad.
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